Reports of e-cig battery explosions have become far and fewer in between, however the researchers of the current paper believe in the need for a thorough review of these cases, in order to educate the public about battery safety. The review titled, “Burn injuries caused by e-cigarette explosions: A systematic review of published cases,” looked through CINAHL and PubMed, for such documented cases using keywords such as electronic cigarette, e-cigarette, vape, etc. together with the term ‘explosion’.
Most vapes are powered by 18650-style batteries, which can vary in chemistries and voltages. Therefore vapers should only use batteries recommended by the manufacturer.
Peer-reviewed articles were selected if they were written in English and described case reports of burn injuries. They were then categorized by demographics, location of the e-cigarette explosion, burned body areas, types of burns, total body surface area of burns, the need for skin grafting, and the length of hospital stay.
A total of thirty-one articles, reporting a combined total of 164 cases were selected. The compiled data found that most patients (90%) were males aged between 20 to 29 years. The majority of cases (65%) reported e-cigarettes explosions in users’ pockets, in comparison to explosions in the face or hand.
The most commonly injured areas included the thigh, hand, genitals, and face, and in 35% of the cases the burn severity was a second-degree burns or